In November 2019, three of the four ethnic-based parties that make up Ethiopia’s ruling coalition, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), agrees to unite into a single party, called Prosperity Party (PP).
The Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front was a left-wing ethnic federalist political coalition in Ethiopia, which was previously known as Southern Ethiopia Peoples Democratic Front (SEPDF). The aim of the party was to lead the national liberation struggle of the people against the fascist dictatorial Derg regime, and the fight against national oppression, exploitation that was imposed over the people of Ethiopia.
The ruling Ethiopia People Revolutionary Democratic Front, EPRDF, comprises four main parties with five other satellite parties. The four main parties being:
- The Oromo Democratic Party, ODP.
- The Amhara Democratic Party, ADP.
- The Southern Ethiopian People’s Democratic Movement, SEPDM.
The TPLF, who are the ruling party in the northern Tigray regional State are known to be openly and stiffly against the idea of a united party. Political analyst believes that the formation of the PP comes at a time when these ethnic cleavages are pronounced and the central demands of Ethiopia’s ethnic groups for political autonomy and cultural justice remain unresolved.
For Prosperity Party to win a free and fair election in the near future is very narrow due to the fact that the new party’s weak structure and existing institutional challenges could be a treat to a prosperous democratic transition due to ethnic nationalism which have dominated Ethiopian political space.