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Zimbabwe: More than Five Million People in Need of Food Aid

Statistics reveal that the number of food insecure people in Zimbabwe are projected to rise to 5.5 million people between January and March 2020, which would be the highest number on record.

A baby is weighed and measured at a mobile baby clinic in Zimbabwe. Photography: Reuters.

In August 2019, the United Nations warned that Zimbabwe faced a major food crisis, which affected a third of its population more than five million people. The figure now is more than 7.7 million people, which represented more than half the population of 14 million, a report noted.

 

Climate shocks and Climate change Fueling Food Shortages

More than 11 million people now experiencing a crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity (IPC Phases 3 and 4) in nine Southern African countries due to deepening drought and climate crisis.

 

Experts report indicated that climate change is a central force driving a continued rise in global hunger, with both drought and flooding negatively impacting food production. The evidence further shows that children suffer disproportionately from the impact of climate change in Zimbabwe.

More Aid Urgently Needed in Zimbabwe

Doctors in Zimbabwe have been on strike for the previous two months, which has led to an ongoing human resources crisis and may lead to additional challenges for the management of children with acute malnutrition or other resources if no urgent solutions are found. Zimbabwe’s, national, global acute malnutrition (GAM) has risen to 3.6 per cent, up from 2.5 per cent in 2018, and eight districts have GAM rates above 5 per cent, which is rarely seen in Zimbabwe and signifies a deteriorating situation.

Economic chaos is Causing a Food security and Humanitarian Crisis in Zimbabwe

The heightened food insecurity is mainly the result of a cereal production shortfall and extremely high food prices, while macroeconomic difficulties have exacerbated the situation.

Zimbabwe’s Land Reform affects Agricultural Products Turnout

Droughts, poor rains and natural disasters have contributed to the food shortage: Photography: GETTY IMAGES.

Since Zimbabwe’s land reform of 2000 when around 8million hectares of formerly large scale commercial farmland was distributed to about 175,000 households debates about the consequences for food security have raged a report noted.

Way Forward

  • Zimbabweans should act as a broker, using funds management model and supply chain to create links between the private sector and frontline humanitarian responders.
  • Local businesses should partner with humanitarian responders and involve due diligence processes which will expose them to new ideas around business transparency, which be of use long after the response ended.
  • Market structures behind the Zimbabwe economy should be strong enough to withstand the transition from response to recovery.

 

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