Press "Enter" to skip to content

Things You Need to Know About System Software

System software is a type of computer program that is designed to run a computer’s hardware and application programs. If we think of the computer system as a layered model, the system software is the interface between the hardware and user applications.

The operating system is the best-known example of system software. The OS manages all the other programs in a computer. System software is the first layer of software to be loaded into memory every time a computer is powered up. Suppose a user wants to write and print a report to an attached printer. A wordprocessing application is required to accomplish this task.

This type of program is designed to run a computer’s hardware and application programs. If we think of the computer system as a layered model, the system software is the interface between the hardware and user applications. The operating system is the best-known example of system software. The OS manages all the other programs in a computer. System software is the first layer of software to be loaded into memory every time a computer is powered up. Suppose a user wants to write and print a report to an attached printer. A wordprocessing application is required to accomplish this task.

System software is a type of computer program that is designed to run a computer’s hardware and application programs . If we think of the computer system as a layered model, the system software is the interface between the hardware and user applications.

The operating system ( OS ) is the best-known example of system software. The OS manages all the other programs in a computer. Other examples of system software and what each does: The BIOS (basic input/output system) gets the computer system started after you turn it on and manages the data flow between the operating system and attached devices such as the hard disk, video adapter, keyboard, mouse, and printer.

The boot program loads the operating system into the computer’s main memory or random access memory ( RAM). An assembler takes basic computer instructions and converts them into a pattern of bit s that the computer’s processor can use to perform its basic operations. A device driver controls a particular type of device that is attached to your computer, such as a keyboard or a mouse. The driver program converts the more general input/output instructions of the operating system to messages that the device type can understand.

According to some definitions, system software also includes system utilities , such as the disk defragmenter and System Restore, and development tools such as compilers and debuggers. System software and application programs are the two main types of computer software. Unlike system software, an application program (often just called an application or app) performs a particular function for the user. Examples (among many possibilities) include browsers, email clients, word processors and spreadsheets .

Computer software is defined as a set of programs and procedures that are intended to perform specific tasks on a computer system. A software program is a set of instructions that are aimed at changing the state of computer hardware. At the lowest level, software is in the form of an assembly language, a set of instructions in a machine-understandable form. At the highest level, software is in the form of high-level languages, which are compiled or interpreted into machine language code.

Major Types of Software

Computer software systems are classified into three main types, namely, system software, programming software and application software. System software comprises device drivers, operating systems, servers and other such software components, which help the programmer abstract away from the memory and hardware features of the system. Programming software assists the programmer in writing programs by providing him/her with tools such as editors, compilers, linkers, debuggers and more. Application software, one of the most important types of software, are used to achieve certain specific tasks.

What is Application Software?

Application software utilizes the capacities of a computer directly for a dedicated task. Application software is able to manipulate text, numbers and graphics. It can be in the form of software focused on a certain single task like word processing, spreadsheet or playing of audio and video files. Here we look at the application software types among with some examples of application software of each type.

Different Types of Application Software

Word Processing Software: This software enables users to create and edit documents. The most popular examples of this type of software are MS-Word, WordPad and Notepad among other text editors.

1.Database Software: Database is a structured collection of data. A computer database relies on database software to organize data and enable database users to perform database operations.Database software allows users to store and retrieve data from databases. Examples are Oracle, MSAccess, etc.

2.Spreadsheet Software: Excel, Lotus 1-2-3 and Apple Numbers are some examples of spreadsheet software. Spreadsheet software allows users to perform calculations using spreadsheets. They simulate paper worksheets by displaying multiple cells that make up a grid.

3.Multimedia Software: They allow users to create and play audio and video files. They are capable of playing media files. Audio converters, audio players, burners, video encoders and decoders are some forms of multimedia software. Examples of this type of software include Real Player and Media Player.

4.Presentation Software: The software that is used to display information in the form of a slide show is known as presentation software. This type of software includes three functions, namely, editing that allows insertion and formatting of text, methods to include graphics in the text and a functionality of executing slide shows. Microsoft PowerPoint is the best example of presentation software.

5.Enterprise Software: It deals with the needs of organization processes and data flow. Customer relationship management or the financial processes in an organization are carried out with the help of enterprise software.

6.Information Worker Software: Individual projects within a department and individual needs of creation and management of information are handled by information worker software. Documentation tools, resource management tools and personal management systems fall under the category of this type of application software.

 

Please follow and like us:
error

Be First to Comment

Leave a Reply

error: