A hosted E-commerce Solution, sometimes called a “Cloud” or “Software as a Service – SaaS” means that everything that you need is provided in one package. It includes the use of software and hosting with service and support provided. Importantly hosted solutions come with updates, upgrades and maintenance as part of the deal and they are the service providers responsibility.
E-commerce assists entrepreneurs to be creative and innovative. In the course of evaluation process of a potential new idea and market strategies.
E-commerce is essential, it increases importance indicated in the continually increasing amount of both business and business and business to customer, E-commerce sales.
The fastest growing retail E-commerce category in 2011 was Digital Contents and Subscription compose mainly of digital contents download in audio, videos, TV shows and E-books at a growth rate of 26%. Others are Flat panel TV’s, Tablets, E-readers, Jewry and Watches.
Wide spread use of personal consumer, the adoption of intranet in companies, the acceptance of internet as a business of communication platform and most secure which make business easier and faster.
There are other options like open source software and shared hosting but you will need web technical skills to go that way or you will need to find a web developer / designer to do the job for you. To go this direction you need to either choose the software that you want and then find a suitable hosting company or find a developer / designer who may make the choice for you. Once your website is completed you or your developer will be responsible for all the updates and security maintenance that is required to get the site working and safe. Make sure the developer that you select will be around after the website is finished to help maintain it.
Air pollution is one of the biggest threats for the environment and affects everyone: humans, animals, crops, cities, forests, aquatic ecosystems. Here today we are going to look in deep the causes, present air pollution rate in Nigeria and the most importantly, what are the possible solutions to tackle this treat to nature caused by the inhabitants of the earth?
Let’s begins with this; Water, I mean water. Yes, it is no longer enough simply to kill the bacteria contained in a water in order to make it drinkable, since the pollution produced by man has altered the very chemical composition of the natural water supply.
In 1392King Charles VI of France published an edict that outlawed the emission of foul smelling gases in Paris.
Still on the agenda
Air pollution is caused by the presence in the atmosphere of toxic substances, mainly produced by human activities, even though sometimes it can result from natural phenomena such as volcanic eruptions, dust storms and wildfires, also depleting the air quality.
Nigeria produces more than 3 million tons of waste annually, and uncontrolled waste burning is one of the practices that contribute to deteriorating air quality. Almost every Nigerian is exposed to air pollution levels exceeding WHO guidelines and inflicting significant air pollution damage costs.
Air pollution was responsible for about a million premature deaths in Africa in 2016. Nigeria has a mortality for air pollution of 307.4 for every 100,000 people, the second worst in all of Africa. More people die from air pollution in Nigeria than in South Africa, Kenya, and Angola, combined.
Air pollution is a critical risk factor for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) worldwide, causing about 24% of all adult deaths from heart disease, 29% from lung cancer, 25% from stroke, and 43% from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Major sources of air pollution in Nigeria include tailpipe exhaust from cars and trucks, smoke from the open burning of residential trash, diesel generators, road dust, industry, and soot from the use of biomass-fuelled cookstoves indoors.
The air pollution levels in cities such as Lagos, Abuja, Port Harcourt, Kano, and in particular Onitsha, a port city on the bank of the Niger River in southern Nigeria, is still at health-damaging level.
Onitsha recorded the world’s worst levels of PM10 (particles of less than 10 micrometers) air pollutants in 2016 with an annual mean concentration of 594 micrograms per cubic meter (μg/m3 ). This was 30 times above the World Health Organization (WHO) annual guideline of 20 μg/m3 for PM10.
Causes of air pollution in Nigeria today
Combustion of fossil fuels, like coal and oil for electricity and road transport, producing air pollutants like nitrogen and sulfur dioxide.
Emissions from industries and factories, releasing large amount of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbon, chemicals and organic compounds into the air.
Agricultural activities, due to the use of pesticides, insecticides, and fertilizers that emit harmful chemicals
Waste production, mostly because of methane generation in landfills.
Nigerian government can control Air pollution through the following ways:
1. Renewable fuel and clean energy production
The most basic solution for air pollution is to move away from fossil fuels, replacing them with alternative energies like solar, wind and geothermal.
2. Energy conservation and efficiency
Producing clean energy is crucial. But equally important is to reduce our consumption of energy by adopting responsible habits and using more efficient devices.
3. Eco-friendly transportation
Shifting to electric vehicles and hydrogen vehicles, and promoting shared mobility (i.e carpooling, and public transports) could reduce air pollution.
4. Green building
From planning to demolition, green building aims to create environmentally responsible and resource-efficient structures to reduce their carbon footprint.
In addition, monitoring air pollution levels has become very important to detect pollution peaks, better control air pollution and eventually improve air quality.
To this end, learn how to measure air quality ?
With measuring devices using laser-based technologies, chemiluminescence, flame ionization, etc. These devices are, for instance, located close to the traffic, far from the traffic and close to industrial zones. All the collected data are compiled into a value scale, called the Air Quality Index (AQI).
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient North Africa , concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in the place that is now the country Egypt . Ancient Egyptian civilization followed prehistoric Egypt and coalesced around 3100 BC (according to conventional Egyptian chronology ) with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under Menes (often identified with Narmer ).
The history of ancient Egypt occurred as a series of stable kingdoms, separated by periods of relative instability known as Intermediate Periods: the Old Kingdom of the Early Bronze Age , the Middle Kingdom of the Middle Bronze Age and the New Kingdom of the Late Bronze Age .
Egypt reached the pinnacle of its power in the New Kingdom, ruling much of Nubia and a sizable portion of the Near East , after which it entered a period of slow decline. During the course of its history Egypt was invaded or conquered by a number of foreign powers, including the Hyksos, the Libyans, the Nubians, the Assyrians , the Achaemenid Persians , and the Macedonians under the command of Alexander the Great . The Greek Ptolemaic Kingdom, formed in the aftermath of Alexander’s death, ruled Egypt until 30 BC, when, under Cleopatra , it fell to the Roman Empire and became a Roman province.
The success of ancient Egyptian civilization came partly from its ability to adapt to the conditions of the Nile River valley for agriculture. The predictable flooding and controlled irrigation of the fertile valley produced surplus crops, which supported a more dense population, and social development and culture. With resources to spare, the administration sponsored mineral exploitation of the valley and surrounding desert regions, the early development of an independent writing system , the organization of collective construction and agricultural projects, trade with surrounding regions, and a military intended to assert Egyptian dominance. Motivating and organizing these activities was a bureaucracy of elite scribes , religious leaders, and administrators under the control of a pharaoh, who ensured the cooperation and unity of the Egyptian people in the context of an elaborate system of religious beliefs.
The many achievements of the ancient Egyptians include the quarrying, surveying and construction techniques that supported the building of monumental pyramids, temples, and obelisks ; a system of mathematics , a practical and effective system of medicine, irrigation systems and agricultural production techniques, the first known planked boats, Egyptian faience and glass technology, new forms of literature , and the earliest known peace treaty , made with the Hittites. Ancient Egypt has left a lasting legacy. Its art and architecture were widely copied, and its antiquities carried off to far corners of the world. Its monumental ruins have inspired the imaginations of travelers and writers for centuries. A new-found respect for antiquities and excavations in the early modern period by Europeans and Egyptians led to the scientific investigation of Egyptian civilization and a greater appreciation of its cultural legacy.
The pyramids of Giza are among the most recognizable symbols of the civilization of ancient Egypt.
Major advances in architecture, art, and technology were made during the Old Kingdom , fueled by the increased agricultural productivity and resulting population, made possible by a well-developed central administration. Some of ancient Egypt’s crowning achievements, the Giza pyramids and Great Sphinx , were constructed during the Old Kingdom. Under the direction of the vizier , state officials collected taxes, coordinated irrigation projects to improve crop yield, drafted peasants to work on construction projects, and established a justice system to maintain peace and order.
The kings of the Middle Kingdom restored the country’s stability and prosperity, thereby stimulating a resurgence of art, literature, and monumental building projects. Mentuhotep II and his Eleventh Dynasty successors ruled from Thebes, but the vizier Amenemhat I , upon assuming the kingship at the beginning of the Twelfth Dynasty around 1985 BC, shifted the kingdom’s capital to the city of Itjtawy , located in Faiyum . From Itjtawy, the kings of the Twelfth Dynasty undertook a farsighted land reclamation and irrigation scheme to increase agricultural output in the region. Moreover, the military reconquered territory in Nubia that was rich in quarries and gold mines, while laborers built a defensive structure in the Eastern Delta, called the “Walls-of-the-Ruler “, to defend against foreign attack.
In 332 BC, Alexander the Great conquered Egypt with little resistance from the Persians and was welcomed by the Egyptians as a deliverer. The administration established by Alexander’s successors, the Macedonian Ptolemaic Kingdom, was based on an Egyptian model and based in the new capital city of Alexandria. The city showcased the power and prestige of Hellenistic rule, and became a seat of learning and culture, centered at the famous Library of Alexandria . The Lighthouse of Alexandria lit the way for the many ships that kept trade flowing through the city as the Ptolemies made commerce and revenue generating enterprises, such as papyrus manufacturing, their top priority.
Young people are the drivers of Africa’s economy and future. With eleven million youth expected to enter Africa’s labor market every year for the next decade, now is the time for urgent action to build and nurture the region’s human capital.
The above information was culled for motivation and for the propagation of change in the future of Africa’s youths, policy makers, and civil society to collectively focus in solving the Africa challenges , aspirations, and actions taken to help build the human capital of areas of digital transformation to building human capital, Africa’s development future, prepare for Africa’s digital future and developing the potential of the continent’s next generation.
Abdallah made the disclosure on Friday at the Public Destruction of Drug Exhibits by Taraba Command of NDLEA in Jalingo.
He said that the gesture would go a long way in improving operations of the agency on campaign against drug addiction in Nigeria.
Increased consumption of illicit drugs among the youths in Taraba was worrisome, appealing to families to brace up to their responsibilities.
According to Abdallah, effective drug prevention must involve positive engagement of children, youths and adults with their families, schools, workplace and community.
He commended Gov. Darius Ishaku of Taraba for his support to the agency in addressing drug problems in the state.
Indonesia is not a developed country, but an emerging middle-income country which has made enormous gains in poverty and Indonesia has the largest economy in Southeast Asia, just as Nigeria has the largest economy in Africa even Nigeria had an annual average growth of 6.8% from 2005 to 2013, but couldn’t make enormous gains in poverty.
Indonesia continues to be a rising power both in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the G20 because Indonesia has been ably maintained political stability and sustainable economic development is only possible if there is political development. Indonesia learned bitter lessons moving from authoritarian rule to a robust and vibrant democracy and building a dynamic economy after being crippled by the 1997-98 Asian financial crisis.
Indonesia’s reformasi after the Asian crisis of 1997-98 transformed the country and according to McKinsey, Indonesia is poised to become the 7th largest economy by 2030, ahead of the UK and Germany. Their bitter experience has made them drew lines for CORRUPTION and SENTIMENTS, though not 100%, at least to a very low level. If Nigeria can draw lines for corruption and sentiments, it would maintain political stability and that would transform Nigeria into a middle-income country.
47 million Nigerians practice open defecation (UNICEF). An estimated 108 million Nigerians still lack access to toilet facilities (United Nations).
It is on this premise, that the Ogun State Ministry of Environment led by their permanent secretary began the house to house enforcement of toilet construction in houses across the State. This intiative is called Ogun Public hygiene.
Great move towards community engagement by the State Government I must say. However, there is a big gap…The gap of collaboration among stakeholders.
Imagine if the Ogun state Ministry of environment, Ministry of health, and Ministry of women affairs and wealth creation collaborated on this initiative?
The Ministry of health would come in to educate the masses about safe toilet use while identifying the community assets;
The Ministry of environment would work through its environmental officers to ensure grassroots proper disposal of wastes, design of cost effective toilets, and enforcement of toilet construction in households;
The Ministry of community development and wealth creation would work with locals to recycle disposed wastes to fertilizers and other useful products.
Collaboration means result driven sustainable solutions to real needs.